We solve with a Seat expert the most common doubts about the electric car. Take note.

The electric car is fashionable, but are you clear about its basic features? Questions like what is the difference between a hybrid and a plug-in hybrid? Or what autonomy do they have, and where can they be recharged? They are universal, and now thanks Josep Bons, responsible for electrical and electronic development of Seat, we have tried to solve them for you.

1. What types of electric cars are there?

There are three types of vehicles propelled to a greater or lesser extent by electricity. First, the hybrid, with double engine: one of combustion, which acts as the main, and another electric, in which the battery is recharged with the engine itself when it slows down.

Second, there is the plug-in hybrid, in which the battery can also be recharged directly from an outlet. Finally, the 100% electric, with exclusively electric propulsion and recharge from the plug. In the year 2030, sales of cars with zero emissions or low emissions. Must represent 40% of the total, according to the European Commission. By 2025 the goal is 20%.

2. Where can it be recharged?

There are two types of charging points: public and private. Any user can install a charging station in their private or community garage, provided it is placed by an authorized professional and meets the legal requirements.

However, if it is necessary to power the car on the road, the power grid is growing day by day. Today, the EU has about 100,000 points, and the European Commission expects that in 2025, this figure has multiplied by 20, up to 2 million stations.

The recharge time is also gradually reduced. For example, the SEAT el-Born will have a range of 420 kilometers after a load of only 47 minutes. And even further, the implementation of ultrafast charging points will allow you to have the car at maximum battery power in just ten minutes. It is expected that in the next year, Europe will have a network of 400 fast-charging stations (350kW) located every 120 kilometers to facilitate long trips.

3. What average autonomy do you have?

The batteries offer an autonomy that goes from 200 kilometers to more than 400. With the SEAT el-Born, you can drive up to 420 kilometers without recharging. The duration will depend on the use made of the car since, unlike those of combustion, electric vehicles consume less on urban journeys.

A range of products is currently being prepared that will allow us to choose autonomy based on the intended use of the vehicle.

4. Does the electric car mean zero emissions?

They are considered zero local emissions from the vehicle itself.

Also, it is more sustainable from the overall life cycle of the car. Between 17% and 30% fewer emissions. Depending on whether we compare it with a diesel or gasoline vehicle. "If also, the battery is recharged with the energy of sustainable origin, such as wind or solar, emissions are almost 90% lower than those of a conventional car throughout its life cycle," says Bonus.

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